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Allium tuberosum, commonly known as garlic chives or Chinese chives, is a perennial herb belonging to the Allium genus, which also includes onions, garlic, and regular chives (Allium schoenoprasum). Garlic chives have a distinct garlic flavor and are widely used in Asian cuisine for their culinary and medicinal properties. Here's some information about Allium tuberosum:

  1. Appearance: Garlic chives have long, flat, dark green leaves that resemble grass or thin blades. The leaves are typically broader and flatter than those of regular chives. The plant grows in clumps and can reach a height of about 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm). In late summer or early fall, garlic chives produce clusters of small, white, star-shaped flowers on tall stalks.

  2. Flavor and Aroma: As the name suggests, garlic chives have a distinct garlic flavor and aroma. The leaves have a milder and sweeter taste compared to garlic cloves but still possess a noticeable garlicky kick. The flowers of garlic chives are also edible and offer a milder garlic flavor.

  3. Culinary Uses: Garlic chives are widely used in various Asian cuisines, particularly Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese. They are commonly used as a flavoring ingredient in stir-fries, soups, dumplings, and noodle dishes. The leaves can be chopped and added to dishes, either raw or cooked, to provide a mild garlic taste. The white flowers are often used as a garnish or in salads.

  4. Medicinal Properties: Like other members of the Allium family, garlic chives are known for their potential health benefits. They contain various beneficial compounds, including vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like iron and calcium. Garlic chives are believed to possess antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. They are also used in traditional medicine for their digestive and diuretic effects.

  5. Growing Garlic Chives: Garlic chives are relatively easy to grow and can be cultivated in both garden beds and containers. They prefer well-draining soil and full sun to partial shade. The plants can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions. Propagation can be done through seeds or by dividing established clumps. Garlic chives are known to be hardy perennials that can survive in colder climates.

  6. Harvesting: The leaves of garlic chives can be harvested throughout the growing season, starting when the plant reaches about 6 inches (15 cm) in height. Harvesting is typically done by cutting the leaves near the base using scissors or pruning shears. The flowers can also be harvested when they are fully open for culinary use.

Garlic chives add a unique garlic flavor to dishes and provide an attractive ornamental element with their delicate white flowers. Whether used in cooking or as an ornamental herb, Allium tuberosum offers a versatile and flavorful addition to various culinary creations.

Herb Specifications

  1. Season: Perennial
  2. USDA Zones: 4 - 9
  3. Height: 12 inches
  4. Bloom Season: Spring
  5. Bloom Color: White
  6. Environment: Full sun to partial shade
  7. Soil Type: Rich, well-drained, pH 6.2 to 6.8
  8. Deer Resistant: Yes
  9. Latin Name: Allium Tuberosum

Planting Directions

  • Temperature: 70F
  • Average Germ Time: 7 - 21 days
  • Light Required: No
  • Depth: 1/8 inch
  • Sowing Rate: 1 - 2 seeds per inch
  • Moisture: Keep moist until germination
  • Plant Spacing: Rows 18 inches a part; thin seedlings 6 - 8 inches

 

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The herbal information on this web site is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. The information on this web site is not intended to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure any disease. Please see a medical professional about any health concerns you have and before beginning any herbal regimen.